Hi, Welcome to my blog, enjoy reading.

Senin, 11 April 2011

ENGLISH PAPER-The differences in TOEFL and TOEIC

What is TOEIC? And what's the difference also with the TOEFL?

TOEFL, GRE, SAT and TOEIC is a test products issued by ETS (Educational Testing Service) based in the U.S. and has been operating for more than 40 years.

During this time English language proficiency test product of ETS are most popular in Indonesia is the TOEFL (Test of Home As Foreign Language). However, the TOEFL test is actually designed for academic purposes which is for anyone who wants to continue their studies to the U.S. and North America. During this time, the company in Indonesia, too, put a TOEFL score as employee recruitment requirements.

The use TOEFL scores to the world of work turned out to be less effective. Therefore, there followed a trend of companies that intend to recruit employees to move to the TOEIC (Test of Home for International Communication). ETS TOEIC has been held for 25 years throughout the world. "In Indonesia, the TOEIC test was introduced in 1999," said Julivan E. Rondonuwu of PT International Test Center, ETS representative in Indonesia.

TOEFL stands for Test of Home as a Foreign Language. This is a test of English as a foreign language. These tests test the ability of a person to the extent to which mastery of English that includes the ability: Listening Comprehension (Comprehension in listening), Structure and Written Exxpression (Structure and expression in writing relating to the Home Grammar or Grammar English (Reading Comprehension (Reading Comprehension), and Writing (Writing).

Toefl history

Test of Home as a Foreign Language is abbreviated TOEFL English proficiency exam required to apply for entry to university in the United States or other countries in the world. Toefl test started with a project that digunakana Ferguson to measure the language ability of government employees and students, and since the 1960's, the TOEFL exam is organized by the office of ETS (Educational Testing Service) in the United States an international organization-testing standards for all participants in the test around the world.
The TOEFL is a registered trademark of Educational Testing Service (ETS) and given worldwide. This test was first given in 1964 and has since been taken by more than 23 million students. The test was originally developed at the Center for Applied Linguistics at Stanford University under the direction of applied linguistics professor Dr. Charles A. Ferguson. TOEFL Committee of Examiners consists of 12 specialists in linguistics, language testing, teaching or research. Its main responsibility is to advise on the contents of the TOEFL test. This committee helps ensure the test is a valid measure of English language proficiency.
Toefl test consists of tests in reading, writing, listening and speaking. Formerly only test toefl paper-based test and computer test, but since 2005 has been a lot of internet-based test to replace the two previous tests. When applied to the overall TOEFL test approximately 150 minutes, for the Paper and Pencil Based TOEFL, and about 240 minutes for the Computer Based TOEFL. Time for Computer-Based TOEFL is relatively long because it includes tutorials procedure.


Since 1998, the TOEFL test is conducted online using a computer (Computer-based Testing / CBT), and since 2005 called the iBT (Internet-based Test). In places that have not been able to carry out CBT or iBT (because there are no computer facilities and internet networks), the TOEFL test is still conducted manually using paper and pencil (paper-based test or PBT). In September 2006 the CBT is stopped and the score is no longer valid.
Test iBT can be taken by any method:

1. Reading

The Reading section consists of 3-5 sections, each about 700 words long and questions about the parts. each containing 12-14 minutes of questions 60-100. Reading Comprehension section has 50 questions about reading passages.

2. Listen

Listening Section consists of six sections 3-5 minutes long and questions about the parts. each containing 60-90 minutes of questions 5-6. Listening Section consists of 3 parts. The first contained 30 questions about the brief conversation. The second part has 8 questions about longer conversations. The final section asked 12 questions about lectures or talks.

3. Speak

Speaking section consists of 6 tasks and 6 questions 20 minutes.
4. Write

Writing section measures the ability of the test taker 2 tasks and 2 questions 55 minutes. Structure and Written Expression section has 15 exercises complete the sentences correctly and 25 exercises misidentification. Writing section is one of the essay with 250-300 words in average.

* Version of the TOEFL iBT assessed on a scale of 0-120 points.
* Each of the four sections (Reading, Listening, Speaking, and Writing) receives a score on a scale from 0 to 30. Scale value of four parts added together to determine the total score.

* Any questions talk was originally given a score of 0 to 4, and every question writing was initially given a score of 0 to 5. This score is converted to a scale value from 0 to 30.

Lately organizers also held a kind of TOEFL test TWE (Test of Written Home), which results in value is separate from the TOEFL test scores. This test takes 30 minutes, and participants will be asked to write a short essay that describes the ability of participants to express and translate an idea or ideas, and supporting the idea with the examples found in daily life using the English language standard.

Another type of test is TSEP TOEFL (Test of Spoken Home Program) which is similar to the individual interviews on the IELTS test. They are usually used when we want to register as a teaching assistant or lab assistant (as one way to offset the cost of tuition) in universias in the U.S. (or other countries.) Form tests conducted orally and lasts for approximately 20 minutes. Implementation time and the deadline for registration together with other TOEFL tests, and costs approximately U.S. $ 100.


TOEIC is a test of English skills for people whose native language is not English. TOEIC test to measure English proficiency for individuals who work in an international environment in their daily life.

Values ​​indicate how well a person can communicate in English with other individuals in business, commerce and industry. This test requires no special knowledge or such a general term that is not contained in the TOEFL test. Therefore, the TOEIC test material more easily than the TOEFL test as that's a multiple choice test for 2 (two) hours, divided in listening sessions and reading sessions.

Therefore, the TOEIC test is deemed appropriate for employees or staff who use English in their environment such as business, hotels, hospitals, restaurants, international meetings, conferences and sporting events. Similarly, staff management, sales and technical employees in international business, commerce and industry who need English in their work.

TOEIC score starting from the number 400 to 990. There are six levels ie level 0 / 0 + Novice (score 10-250), Level 1 Elementary (score 255-400), level 1 + Intermediate (score 405-600), level 2 Basic Working Proficiency (score 605-780), level 2 + Advance Working Profiency (score 785-900) and level 3 / 3 + General Professional Proficiency (score 905-990).

A prospective regular employees must have a minimum TOEIC score of 400. While a prospective manager should at least have a TOEIC score of 800.
Someone who has a TOEIC score 405-600, for example, in listening to be able to understand explanations related to routine daily tasks, understand the announcements during the trip and mengusai limited social conversations. In this talk could explain kerj responsibility adan academic background as well as a discussion about the project in the past and the future. While in the case of reading still need a dictionary to understand the technical documents. And lastly in terms of writing people who have intermediate level was able to write a short memo, letter of complaint and fill out a simple application form.

TOEIC is the acronym for Test of Home for International Communication. TOEIC test is an English proficiency test for people who native language is not English. TOEIC test scores indicate how well people can communicate in English with others in the global work environment. The test requires no specialized knowledge or vocabulary, these tests only measure the kind of English used in everyday activities.

TOEIC test is a proficiency test in English that's leading the world in the context of the global work environment. More than 4,000 companies around the world use the TOEIC test, and more than 2 million people registered to take this test every year.

0 komentar:

Posting Komentar